Hadith Analysis: The Bayquniyya Explained

Learn classical methods of hadith analysis and understand the complexity of classical hadith criticism. Judge for yourself the weakness or authenticity of various hadiths with their chains of transmission and come to an in-depth understanding of contemporary controversies about hadith authenticity.

The Bayquniyya Explained


  •  Study a classical primer on the discipline of mustalah al-hadith (hadith terminology)
  •  Work with the actual hadiths and their chains of transmission
  •  Understand the complexity of classical hadith criticism
  •  Learn how to differentiate between real hadith scholarship and voluminous citations devoid of understanding
  • Understand contemporary hadith debates

About the Course

Using the Bayquniyya, the classical primer in the science of hadith (mustalah al-hadith), this course will introduce the methods of hadith criticism used by the classical hadith scholars, while paying particular attention to modern controversies through practical application and numerous well-designed case-studies.

Students will learn how to diagram and analyze chains of transmission (isnad). They will then use this skill along with their knowledge of the science of hadith to see the great hadith-masters (huffaz) of the past at work. In particular, students will analyze and interpret selections from the books of the Maliki hadith-master Ibn `Abd al-Barr (d. 463 AH), the Hanafi hadith-master al-Zayla`i (d. 726 AH), and the Shafi`i hadith-master Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani (d. 852 AH). They will then compare this to the methods of the recent and controversial hadith scholar Nasir al-Din Albani (d. 1999). This will allow them to come to a first-hand appreciation of contemporary debates in the science of hadith.

Course Syllabus

Week 1: An Introduction to the Science of Hadith Criticism
Week 2: Authentic Hadiths: Sahih and Hasan
Week 3: Weak Hadiths: Da`if
Week 4: Prophetic, Companion, and Follower Reports
Week 5: Finding Missing Links in Chains of Transmission
Week 6: Working with Multiple Chains of Transmission
Week 7: Hidden Defects in Hadith
Week 8: Cross-Hadith Analysis; Methods of Hadith Acquisition and Transmission; Transcription Errors
Week 9: Fabricated Hadiths
Week 10: Hadith Literature; Final Examination

Course Format

The course consists of weekly Live Sessions, handouts, case-studies, hadith-diagramming and reporting activities, hadith selections from different works, assignments, a Mid-Term and a Final Examination. Ustadh Farid will hold weekly office hours where students can consult with him one-on-one. Students are highly encouraged to post their questions in the Forum over the course of the week, which are answered during the Live Sessions.

Weekly Time Commitment

This course requires an estimated 1-3 hours per week outside the live session, to review the material and take notes.

Suggested Readings

The course text is The Bayquniyya. The Bayquniyya is a 34-line poem in the terminology of the scholars of hadith (mustalah al-hadith). Although the little is known about its author `Umar al-Bayquniyy, who seems to have preferred obscurity to fame, the book has won acceptance throughout the Muslim lands since it was written and has been the subject of many scholarly commentaries, both classical and recent. A translation of The Bayquniyya along with selected notes will be provided as part of the course package.

Recommended Background

Since this course will work with real chains of transmission, students must be able to read Arabic script, although an understanding of Arabic is not required.


Are you looking for Answers to Questions regarding Hadith?

What exactly does it mean for a hadith to be authentic (sahih)? Is it true that past scholars cited weak (da`if) hadiths in their books? If so, what can we do today to guard ourselves from the effects of fabrications? And how can we judge the reliability of hadith narrators who lived a thousand years ago? Find the answers to these questions and more in this course.

Why has this light been so scrupulously carried across time?

The Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “May Allah illuminate the face of whoever hears something I say, remembers it, understands it, and then conveys it.” (Tirmidhi)

Hundreds of thousands of Muslim men and women labored to guard and transmit the legacy of their beloved prophet. The fruits of their efforts are distilled in the books of the great hadith scholars such as Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Darimi, Bayhaqi, and others.

These books of hadith form the foundation of our religion: they have been used by scholars of sacred law (fiqh), tafsir, theology, and all other religious disciplines to define important points of religion and practice. Hadiths are used to determine points of law, to explain Quranic verses, to nurture one’s relationship with one’s Lord, to learn about the details of the next life, to infer principles of legal interpretation, even to derive rules of Arabic grammar.

Why is it vital today more than ever to preserve this science?

Recent times have witnessed widespread criticism of Muslim hadith scholarship, particularly by followers of the Salafi and Ahl-e-Hadith movements. Because of the centrality of hadith to so many religious disciplines, the effects of this criticism have shaken the foundations of classical Muslim scholarship. Many contemporary religious controversies revolve around hadith, and understanding the science of hadith is vital to understanding what these controversies are about and how we should navigate them.

About the Instructor

Farid Dingle


Course Code



Level: 2

Starting From

9 November, 2014


10 weeks

Tuition Fee

225 USD   Instant Financial Aid