Introduction to Menstruation and Related Issues (Hanafi)

In this introduction to the basics of menstruation, lochia, and abnormal discharge with Ustadha Hedaya Hartford, learn the importance of this topic and how its rulings affect other acts of worship. Cover basic definitions that serve as a foundation for further study.


  • A short-course that is a prerequisite for the detailed course on the fiqh of menstruation and lochia according to the Hanafi school of law.
  • Includes five pre-recorded lessons and weekly live sessions
  • Course material is obligatory knowledge for Muslim women, as well as for husbands, fathers, and guardians
  • An in-depth knowledge of this topic is critical as it affects other acts of worship
  • Course clarifies misconceptions based on culture or hearsay
  • Lessons define basic terminology
  • Ustadha Hedaya is a recognized expert on menstruation and related issues
  • Successful completion of this course is required in order to register for the next level.

About the Course

This special course with a recognized expert on women’s fiqh issues will facilitate an introduction to the legal rulings of menstruation and lochia as they pertain to many aspects of your daily life, such as ablution, prayer, fasting, and Hajj. A prerequisite to an upcoming in-depth course on the topic, this introduction will answer a wide variety of common questions, while providing a general understanding of the fiqh of menstruation and lochia according to the Hanafi school. It will also demonstrate the expansiveness of this subject and the importance of further in-depth study.

The introductory material in this course is based on the great Ottoman scholar Imam Birgivi’s Treatise Dhukhr al-Muta’ahhilin wa al-Nisa’ fi ta’rif al-Athar wa al-Dima’ (Treasure for Those with Families) along with Imam Ibn ‘Abidin’s commentary of it. According to Imam Ibn ‘Abidin, this treatise by Imam Birgivi is the principal reference for menstruation and lochia and their related rulings in the Hanafi school. The treatise and its commentary are taught in more detail in the next-level courses.

Course Syllabus

  • LESSON 1: 
Introduction to Menstruation & its Related Rulings in the Shariah
    • Introduction to the subject and its significance
    • The impact of these rulings on one’s acts of worship
  • LESSON 2
: Essential Terminology
    • Clearing up common misconceptions
    • Definitions of key terms
  • LESSON 3: 
The Basics
    • Valid/invalid bleeding
    • Rulings related to the menstrual beginner and a woman with a habit
    • The colors of blood and normal vaginal discharge
  • LESSON 4: 
Rulings Related to Pregnancy & Childbirth
    • Bleeding during pregnancy
    • Postnatal bleeding for normal births, Caesarean sections, or multiple births
    • The two types of miscarriage
  • LESSON 5
: Rulings related to the Kursuf & Dysfunctional Uterine/Vaginal Bleeding
    • Explanation of what the kursuf is and how it is used
    • The eight types of istihada
  • LESSON 6: 
End of Valid Bleeding
    • Ending before or at the maximum
    • Ending before or after one’s habit
    • The time of the purificatory bath

Course Format

The course is taught over 5 weeks using a combination of weekly live sessions, pre-recorded audio lessons, required reading material, self-study drills, and office hours with Ustadha Hedaya Hartford. The pre-recorded audio and reading material for the week must be covered prior to attending the week’s live session.

Weekly Time Commitment

The course requires an estimated 5 to 10 hours per week outside the live session to review the material and take notes.

Suggested Readings

The required text for the course is Coming of Age: A Muslim Girl’s Guide by Hedaya Hartford. A recommended text to have is Birgivi’s Manual Interpreted: Complete Fiqh of Menstruation and Related Issues by Hedaya Hartford and Ashraf Muneeb.

Recommended Background

No background is required: all are welcome!


Why is this absolutely essential knowledge for every Muslim woman, father, husband, or guardian?

“Menstruation is amongst the most difficult topics in the study of fiqh. The magnitude of this knowledge is apparent by the detriment caused by the ignorance of it. Attentiveness to these rulings is vital because of the consequences they have on rulings of purification, prayer, reading the Qur’an, fasting, spiritual retreat, pilgrimage, reaching puberty, marital relations, divorce, waiting period after divorce, and others. Familiarity with these rulings is essential; otherwise, forbidden (haram) acts are done without even realizing it.”
—Ustadha Hedaya Hartford

While directly affecting women, it is also important for men to study this topic as well. The material is obligatory for Muslim women to learn, as well as for fathers and guardians in order to raise their children with sound knowledge of the religion. Imam Birgivi wrote that “the jurists have agreed on the obligatoriness of the ‘personally obligatory religious knowledge’ (ilm al-hal) for all those women and men who believe in Allah and the Day of Judgment. Consequently, the knowledge of the different types of blood pertinent to women is obligatory for women, husbands, and guardians. However in our time, this was forsaken, or worse—it became as though it were nothing. They [the people of the author's time] do not separate between menstruation, lochia, and istihada, and they do not differentiate between the valid and invalid types of blood and tuhr.”

Why you should study the fiqh of menstruation with Ustadha Hedaya…

Other fiqh courses dedicate only one lesson to the basics of this subject, whereas this course examines in-depth how it affects other acts of worship and investigates common situations that may arise. And stating the obvious: the course is taught by a female scholar who is a recognized expert on menstruation and related issues. Ustadha Hedaya has permission to teach Imam Birgivi’s treatise from Shaykh Muhammad Amin Siraj, a shaykh at the Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih mosque in Istanbul, who wrote that she demonstrated “full comprehension and meticulous understanding” of the text.

What shall I know coming out of the course?

The goal of this course is three-fold: to enable you to realize that a more in-depth study of this topic is critical; to clarify any misconceptions you may have based on either culture or hearsay; and to enable you to identify problem cases and know to consult a scholar/knowledgeable person in those situations. The intention of this course is to facilitate an introduction to the legal rulings of menstruation and lochia as they pertain to many aspects of our daily lives. The minimal objective is to give students the ability to recognize a problem and to realize when they must consult a specialist, and not the ability to necessarily solve the problem on their own.

You may also ​be interested in:

  • Coming-of-Age-course

    Coming of Age: Parenting for Allah in the Modern World

    This short course shall provide parents and prospective parents with much-needed guidance and structure for parenting their children through puberty Islamically.

    Teachers: Hedaya Hartford
    Start Date: 20 June, 2015

  • Detailed Fiqh of Menstruation (Hanafi)

    Detailed Fiqh of Menstruation (Hanafi)

    This follow-up to the introductory course on the basics of menstruation, lochia, and abnormal discharge will provide a more in-depth and practical understanding of the topic, with a focus on menstrual case studies.

    Teachers: Hedaya Hartford
    Start Date: 24 January, 2015

  • Detailed Fiqh of Lochia

    Detailed Fiqh of Lochia (Hanafi)

    This follow-up to the introductory course on the basics of menstruation, lochia, and abnormal discharge will provide a more in-depth and practical understanding of the topic, with a focus on lochial case studies and rulings related to the chronic annulment of ablution.

    Teachers: Hedaya Hartford
    Start Date: 1 November, 2015

About the Instructor

Hedaya Hartford



Course Code



Level: 1

Starting From

31 October, 2015


5 weeks

Tuition Fee

125 USD   Instant Financial Aid